Day 1 full schedule
January 13, 2021 @ -
David John WortleyVice President
International Society of Digital Medicine, UK
The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the digital transformation of medical education and training by providing technologies which facilitate remote learning. These enabling technologies have their origins in consumer applications to connect people virtually and to deliver engaging experiences across multiple platforms which include laptops, desktops, smartphones and virtual reality headsets.
This presentation explores some of the virtual reality applications being used in medical education and training. These applications can be made accessible to large numbers of students without the need for a physical space or physical proximity.
ReGenera R&D International for Aging Intervention, Italy
As compared to the nursing staff of few decades ago, the current education-endowed nurse has greatly deepened and expanded her/his interrelations with medical staff, while holding a good degree of autonomy in several health care and peri-medical activities. In the meantime, food supplement research and industry has heavily penetrated medical practice with different professionalities, dietitians, chiropractors, nutritionist, personal trainers and certainly bordering also nursinf staff. A survey on "Life...supplemented" Healthcare Professionals Impact Study has shown that 89% of nurses used dietary supplements regularly, occasionally, or seasonally. Regular use of food supplements was reported by 59% of nurses especially for overall health and wellness (48% of nurses), but more than 60% reported more than one reason for using them. When asked whether they "ever recommend dietary supplements" to their patients, 82% of nurses said they did. In 2012 A poster campaign was launched to boost nurses’ knowledge of how to use these products. These new generation of well educated nurses may need to improve their understanding. In the plethora of food supplements, so called “liver protectors” occupy wide space on the internet and magazines, mostly promoted by likely biased food supplements companies. We want here to briefly give some status of art. The liver is indeed exposed to a storm of potentially deleterious viruses/substances bringing about a disease spectrum ranging from hepatitis and non- alcoholic fatty liver disease to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) whose main cause nowadays is in fact chronic progressive initially benign disease. This talk will review the most common would-be liver protectors, pointing out the myths, the hopes, the risks of some and those ones with ongoing robust evidence to be efficient either in disease but also as a physiological metabolic detoxificatication.
Hanan Rabea NadaProfessor
Cairo university, Egypt
In Dermatology practice, we are challenged with life threatening cases that need admission and proper management to save patients ‘lives. During admission nursing care is one of the mile stones for successful patients’ survival measures. Nurses should be accounted with different dermatologic diseases and how to deliver proper nursing care.
Sai Sailesh Kumar GAssociate Professor
R. D. Gardi Medical College, India
Vestibular system is denoted as sixth sense as it is involved in regulation of almost all the systems of the body. There is a need to keep stimulating the vestibular system to keep ourselves healthy. My journey has started 10 years back and it keeps going. Initially we have explored that the vestibular system using a swing can release stress and improve sleep. Then we came across interesting fact that it can regulate blood pressure. No evidence was found that it also regulates the respiratory parameters. However, studies are in progress. Further, we conducted series of animal experiments and found positive impact of vestibular stimulation on immunity and it can regulate lipid profile. Keeping this in mind we tested anti diabetic action and in preliminary animal and human studies has given positive results. As it has multiple beneficial effects we conducted animal studies in Parkinson’s model of rats. There was a positive impact on neurotransmitters related to PD. We are on the way to start the study on PD in human participants.
Mohammad ShabanAssistant Professor
Health point hospital - Abu Dhabi, UAE
Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) it’s the way to save someone life after he suffers from cardiopulmonary arrest, this needs good knowledge from many aspects like Anatomy of the human body, heart electrophysiology, and breathing needs. Also it required physical and critical thinking skills like chest compression, managing the airway, and defibrillator awareness. Basic Life Support (BLS) course becomes essential to get the DOH license and to start work as a nurse in Abu Dhabi regardless of the working area, field, and specialty. Basic Life Support (BLS) is an essential course for all nurses. it contains knowledge and practice to guide the nurses how to deal with cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and managing the victim till advance team arrived. Objective: This study debate the difference between the traditional ways of BLS (Class course) and the update way (Online course).
Methods: I start by interview the nurses and ask about BLS knowledge. Followed up with a schedule training was conducted frequently for nurses who’s employee in hospitals, clinics, education facilities and who attend outside camps and big community events. Monitor the participant during theory part and practice part, then evaluate their knowledge with written test. Following by start to observe their performance in real CPR in their respective unit as primary nurses.
The assessment used isworkplace-based assessment(WPBA) because of the advantages and implementation way, which have many benefits for the study to use workplace-based assessment in clinical areas. My tool will be using direct observation in procedural skills (DOPS), research method was qualitative and the questions used in the interview reflect the depth of the nurses concept of BLS knowledge and skills. All tools and assessment guarantee the validity and reliability of research.
Results:The result show thatonline version have more advantages than class course, from perspective of time, efforts, and using in real situation. With emphasize to use the refresher mock drills in between, nurse who receive online training of BLS and followed with practice session was performing good in CPR comparing to the nurses who receive class course every two years without refreshing mock drills. Nurses who receive online training feel more confident and able to deal immediately with life threatening situation.Which can be improve post cardiac arrest neurological outcome and discharge planning. In the same time it’s decrease of mortality and morbidity rate.
Relationship between Stress, Immune System, and Pandemics of Coronaviruses’ COVID19: Updates Narrative Review
Amal I. KhalilProfessor
King Saud Bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences
How stress impacts the immune system of the human being is one of the questions that has been answered through many conducted researches. The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease. Among recent examples presented nationally and internationally how immune system function properly to preventing the Coronavirus (COVID19) which appear at the end of 2019 and the beginning of 2020. Aim: The purpose of this review was to collect and corroborate updated information and trials related to the various effect of COVID19 on the immune system and how stress, loneliness, and lack of sleep can all weaken your immune system, making people more vulnerable to diseases such as COVID-19. Methods: To compile this review various journals, books, electronic databases, and other resources were used using keywords of immune system, Covid19, stress, and pandemics. The intent behind this review is to provide readers with an in-depth and updated knowledge about this pandemic virus to help resources available for utilization by families and communities. It is also directed towards identifying critical issues about decreasing the vulnerability to infection by improving our immune system, decreasing sources of stressors, and getting enough sleep. Conclusion: Covid-19 has been a wakeup call to us all. It made us realize how important having a strong immunity is. Therefore, people should give themselves a good fighting chance and make changes to their diet and lifestyle today. However, achieving this is not impossible since all agencies and scientists from everywhere are spending time, effort, and monrey to improve the understanding of the chronological features of CoV-induced inflammatory response concerning the creation of effective vaccine and therapeutic interventions.
A Review on COVID-19: The epidemiology, transmission, impact on pregnancy and reproductive health and its prevention
Ayush MadanAssistant Professor
At the end of 2019, a novel coronavirus was identified as the cause of a cluster of pneumonia cases in Wuhan, a city in the Hubei Province of China. This results in an epidemic throughout China, followed by an increasing number of cases in other countries throughout the world. Currently, containment and mitigation measures have intensified and disease-modifying pharmacologic compounds and vaccines are being developed, COVID-19 continues to spread. The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV/SARS-CoV-2) was shown to be a Beta coronavirus (lineage B) closely related to SARS-CoV and SARS-related bat coronaviruses, and it has been reported to share a common receptor with SARS-CoV (ACE-2). At the time of this writing, the full magnitude of the public health impact poses a great threat to all humankind. More than 12 million patients have been infected globally and 564, 623 have died as of 10thjuly 2020. In this review, we highlight epidemiology, transmission, impact on pregnancy and reproductive health and future directions to control the spread of this fatal disease.
Factors associated with early resumption of sexual intercourse among women during extended postpartum period in Northwest Ethiopia
Birye Dessalegn MekonnenResearcher
Teda health Science College
Postpartum sexual health and practice need to be integrated in the current maternal healthcare services to address sexual health problems. However, postpartum sexual practice has received little attention, and was not often discussed by healthcare providers during prenatal and postnatal care. Thus, this study was aimed to assess early resumption of sexual intercourse and associated factors among postpartum women in Gondar city, Northwest Ethiopia.A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from January 20 to February 20, 2020. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select 634 postpartum women. A pretested, structured and interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were entered into Epi Info 7.2.2 and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regressions analysis were done. Variables with p- values of < 0.05 were considered as statistically significant.The magnitude of early resumption of sexual intercourse after childbirth was found to be 26.9 % (95% CI: 23.2, 30.8). Urban resident (AOR = 6.12, 95% CI: 2.41, 15.66), parity of one (AOR = 2.26, 95% CI: 1.66, 7.78), husband demand (AOR = 2.66, 95% CI: 1.72, 4.11), postnatal care (AOR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.06, 2.18) and use of family planning (AOR = 2.72, 95% CI: 1.51, 3.43) were factors significantly associated with early resumption of sexual intercourse.
Conclusion: The study found that more than one fourth of women had resumed sexual intercourse within six weeks of following childbirth. The finding of this study suggests the need of integrating discussions of postpartum sexual activity into routine prenatal, intrapartum and postnatal care with collaborative effort of policy makers, program planners, health care providers and other stakeholders. Moreover, spousal communication on postpartum sexual activity should be encouraged.
Awatef Hassan KassemProfessor
Rajesh Kumar SharmaAssociate Professor
Swami Rama Himalayan University
Colleges and universities across the nation are striving to meet the challenges of rapidly changing educational systems, and are reconsidering the role of the faculty in an increasingly complex learning environment. An important part of that role is the creation of scholarship pertinent to the discipline of the individual faculty member. Nowhere is this dialogue more pertinent than in nursing, where rigorous scholarly inquiry must be applied in the realities and demands of practice. Nursing, however, may have priorities for teaching, scholarship, and service that are linked directly to the goals of the profession. So, “Scholarship is a tangible product (such as a journal article, a book, a presentation, or an endurable educational product)of new knowledge or its presentation, that was peer-reviewed and publicly disseminated” Thus, there are four essential elements to a work of scholarship: tangible product, new knowledge, peer-reviewed, and publicly disseminated. In 1990, Boyer in a report to the Carnegie Foundation defined four types of scholarship:Discovery: original research, new knowledge for the discipline; Integration: synthesizing a topic, linking disciplines; Application: applying knowledge to consequential problems; and Teaching. Professor Rhee Fincher argued, that the scholarship of teaching is actually made possible through one of the other three types of scholarship.
Scholarship &Teaching:-Teaching and scholarly teaching are activities that foster learning, but they are not scholarship. The products that are related to the preparation, delivery and assessment of teaching and learning may illustrate scholarship of teaching if they are peer-reviewed and publicly disseminated.The scholarship of teaching builds on the process of scholarly teaching.
Importance of Scholarly Teaching:- Fincher goes on to distinguish four complementary perspectives on teaching: One can be a teacher, presumably a good teacher; One can be an “excellent” teacher (e.g., receiving high ratings by students and peers or winning a teaching award like the ‘Golden Apple Award’); One can be a “scholarly” teacher (i.e., basing one’s teaching on best practices, and state-of-the-art knowledge and skills); and One can do “scholarship of teaching,” through discovery, integration or application. Those who engage in scholarship related to teaching should document their work by tangible or electronic products that are reviewed by peers and publicly disseminated.
Conclusion:-Faculty at nursing schools that do not yet reward the scholarship of teaching should work with the appropriate committees and administrators to help broaden the promotion and tenure guidelines to include the scholarship of teaching as a legitimate form of scholarship. Recognising and rewarding excellent teaching and scholarship of teaching are essential if institutions are to fulfil their education mission optimally. Scholarship of teaching has the potential for advancing the field, not just individual students’ learning.
Nurses are considered as integral members of any health care team. Being one of the most stressed professionals, nurses frequently suffer from emotional burnout, stress related illnesses, low moraleand poor performance at work place.
Most of the competency models for nursing education and training curricula, lay appropriate emphasis on professional and clinical competency, but undermine the psychological competency required to face the work stress. When their training is deficit in psychological skills, nurses remain ill prepared to plunge in the work field and succumb to the blows of occupational stress. They require sound health and strong psychological immune system to endure workplace stress, achieve personal and professional well-being and career longevity.
Unlike technical and professional competence, which could be attained in a stipulated duration, psychological strength needs to be instilled early in life, and reinforced from time to time. It never reaches its mastery level, leaving an ample scope for building and improvement.
Where clinical and professional competence of nurses would enhance patients’ care and reduce harm and damage to them, psychological competence would maximize nurses’ productivity and minimize their harm and damage due to occupational hazards. Therefore, competency models for nurses should strike a good balance of both the domains.
Training for nursing should aim at building a stress immune, robust, hardy and resilient personality for trainees. Until such innovative shift in focus is incorporated in the competency models of nurses’ education, the other innovations related to technological, pedagogical and new research advancements cannot be optimized in their outcome benefits.
I would like to propose a model of inoculation of psychological vaccines (attributes) to enhance psychological wellbeing and competency of nurses of during training, so they are well equipped to join and render their duties.
An Experimental Study to Assess the Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique on Level of Anxiety among Antenatal Mothers attending Antenatal OPD of GGSMC &Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab
Shivani SharmaNursing Tutor
Baba Farid University of Health Sciences
During pregnancy many changes occur in women's self-concept and the changes in their self-image
and the shift in focus from themselves to the needs of the fetus and unfamiliar territory of pregnancy and early motherhood creates anxiety. Relaxation techniques are a great way to help in managing anxiety such as progressive muscle relaxation technique (PMRT) which may be very useful for treating anxiety symptoms during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of progressive muscle relaxation on anxiety among antenatal mothers. Quasi Experimental design with two group pre-test and post-test design was used. Conceptual framework for the study was adopted from Ludwig Von Bertalanffy (1968) General System Model was chosen to conduct the study. Through convenience sampling, 35 subjects were selected in experimental and 35 in control group. Subjects in experimental group (n=35) were provided PMRT and conventional care and in control group (n=35) only conventional care was provided. Prenatal Anxiety Screening Scale (PASS) and Socio demographic data sheet was used to collect the data. Results revealed that there was significant difference in level of anxiety after four weeks of progressive muscle relaxation technique in experimental group (p value 0.005) as compared to control group. However, there was no association of pretest level of anxiety with selected demographic variables. The study concluded that progressive muscle relaxation technique was effective in reducing anxiety among antenatal mothers after 4 weeks of intervention in experimental group.